UTIs in the Elderly
Sometimes we have to discuss some of the more unpleasant and awkward sides of life – urinary tract infections (UTIs) easily fall into that category. UTIs are always unpleasant, but in seniors they can point to bigger issues than the discomfort they cause. Here’s the main information you need to know about UTIs in the elderly.
What is a UTI?
A UTI is any infection in the urinary system, kidneys, bladder, or urethra. If you’re an adult, and especially if you’re a woman, there’s a good chance you’re no stranger to UTIs. They’re the second most common type of infection and half of all women will experience one at some point in their lives.
The Symptoms of a UTI in the Elderly
In general, seniors are more susceptible to infections due to their weakened immune systems, which makes them one of the populations most at risk for a UTI. For younger people, a UTI is usually pretty easy to identify: there’s a painful burning when you pee. Some UTIs in seniors come accompanied by this clear symptom, but oftentimes they’re a little harder to recognize.
Some symptoms that may point to a UTI in seniors include:
- Strange behavior
- An inability to complete common daily tasks they could recently do just fine
- Upper back pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in your urine
- Cloudy urine
- Urine with an unusually strong odor
- Frequent need to urinate
That’s a long list of symptoms, but what’s really troubling is that sometimes seniors don’t exhibit any clear symptoms at all, or the ones they have look more like the onset of dementia than a UTI.
If a UTI isn’t properly identified and treated, it can cause some serious problems, including kidney failure. If you have any suspicion that your loved one may be suffering from a UTI, then it’s worth asking your doctor for a urinalysis.
Common Causes of UTIs in the Elderly
In addition to a weakened immune system, there are many illnesses and health concerns that seniors encounter that can contribute to the likelihood of experiencing a UTI. To start, the elderly often have difficulty controlling their bladder as well as they did in their youth. It’s a natural part of aging, but one that makes it more likely that bacteria will get into the urinary tract and cause a UTI.
Additionally, anyone who needs a catheter will face an increased risk of contracting a UTI. Diabetes also increases the risk, as does an enlarged prostate and kidney stones. Each of these issues is unpleasant enough on their own, but quickly made worse when you add a UTI to the equation.
What to Do if You Have an UTI
You probably already know the first step: talk to your doctor. They can prescribe antibiotics to treat the UTI. In addition though, you want to develop some habits that will both help clear up the current UTI and reduce the likelihood of getting another one:
- Drink lots of water. This will help you get rid of some of the bacteria in your system.
- Drink cranberry juice. Cranberries have properties that aid in making your urinary tract more resistant to bacteria.
How Reduce the Risks of UTIs
In addition to increasing the amount of fluids you consume and adding cranberry juice to your grocery list, there are a few other tips that can help you avoid having to ever deal with a UTI to begin with.
- Maintain your hygiene – make sure you always wear clean underwear and keep your genitals clean.
- If you’re incontinent, try setting timers to use the restroom rather than depending on adult diapers.
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol. They’re not great for your bladder.
- Avoid douches and other products marketed for feminine hygiene. They can actually irritate the area rather than clean it.
- Wipe from front to back when you use the restroom.
- Take showers instead of baths.
You may find it unpleasant to read or talk about UTIs, but experiencing one is certainly worse! Pay attention to possible symptoms and don’t be shy about bringing it up with your doctor if you have questions or concerns. Better to be upfront and get it treated than hide it and face more serious health issues because of it.