Most seniors will reach a point where they can’t fully take care of themselves anymore. While the first impulse in many families is for a family member to become the primary caregiver when this happens, a lot of families quickly realize that’s unsustainable. Caregiving is hard work and takes up more time and energy than most people can manage on their own.
Once you make that realization, the obvious next step is to figure out what type of senior care to invest in.
The 5 Types of Senior Care Available
Before you can make a decision, you should take time to understand what your options are. There are five main types of senior care available, each one providing a different type or level of care.
Home Health Care
In home care is when caregiving professionals come to you. Someone will come to your loved one’s house as often as you need and help your loved one with tasks like getting ready in the morning and making sure they take all their meds at the right time.
The national average for a home health aid is $46,332 a year.
Who is home health care for?
Home health care is the best option for seniors who either need minimal help with tasks of daily living, or have a family member who can help out during some parts of the day and need someone to fill in during the hours when they’re working or otherwise occupied.
To learn more, you can search for home health care companies in your area.
Senior Day Care
In-home care isn’t the only option you have that’s compatible with aging in place. Adult day care facilities do require leaving the house, but they offer some of the same types of care that home health care providers do. In addition, they provide an opportunity for seniors to stay social and active.
Adult day care is a place you can drop your loved one off at for a few hours each day and trust that they’ll be in the care of professionals who can help with their basic needs. At least as importantly, your loved one will also get the chance to be around other seniors and enjoy activities and games that encourage social interaction.
What does senior day care cost?
The national average for adult day care is $17,680 a year.
Who is adult day care for?
Senior day care is a good option for families that are able to help care for seniors a lot of the time, but want to know they’ll be safe and taken care of during the day while you’re off at work. They’re cheaper than home health care or facilities your loved one would live in full time, but can help provide similar care part time.
For seniors that need full-time care, you’ll need to consider live-in facilities. One of the most common options families go with is assisted living.
Assisted living facilities have apartments seniors can rent and make their own where they can be in close vicinity to full-time staff that help out with daily tasks of living, like getting dressed and keeping up with their meds. In addition to providing basic care, they also usually offer a number of activities and events for seniors to participate in, to help keep residents active.
The national average to live in an assisted living facility is $43,200 a year.
Who is assisted living for?
Seniors that need more help with activities of daily living than loved ones can consistently provide.
To learn more, you can search for assisted living facilities in your area..
Seniors with serious medical concerns sometimes need more care than assisted living can provide. For seniors who need consistent medical care, a nursing home should be considered.
Nursing homes are another type of live-in facility, but are unique for promising full-time medical staff. Seniors stay in either private or shared rooms and receive help both with activities and daily living and any medical needs they have.
The national average for a private room in a nursing home is $92,387, while the cost for a shared one is $82,125.
Who are nursing homes for?
Seniors with significant medical needs.
To learn more, search for nursing homes in your area.
Loved ones caring for someone with Alzheimer’s know that they need care that’s even more specialized than the kind available at nursing homes.
Memory care is provided by staff that are specially trained to take care of seniors that have Alzheimer’s. Some assisted living facilities specialize in providing memory care.
The average cost of living in a memory care facility is about $60,000 a year.
Who is memory care for?
Seniors with Alzheimer’s.
To learn more, search the Alzheimer’s care options in your area.
How to Choose
Understanding the different senior care options available is the best place to start figuring out what type of care to get for your loved one, but it doesn’t make the decision for you. Here are a few additional steps to help you find the right solution for your family.
Talk to your doctor.
Your loved one’s doctor can help you understand both what level of care your loved one needs now, along with what they’ll likely need within the next few years. Often the best solution to choose now will be one that will continue to work for years to come – you don’t want your loved one to have to hop from one facility to another.
The recommendation of a trusted physician can make your decision a bit easier.
Talk to local facilities and home care companies.
Research the options available in your area. Talk to representatives from the main ones you’re interested in about the specifics of what they offer and what your loved one needs. They’ll let you know if your loved one’s care needs exceed what they provide.
Discuss your options with your loved one.
Naturally, the preferences of your loved one should be taken into consideration as well. It’s possible they’ll be resistant to the level of care they need, but you should do your best to include them in the decision making for as long as possible before reaching that point.